Datatypes in PHP

As we already know about the Variable Scopes, let’s check out the supported data types in PHP. There are a total of 8 datatypes in PHP, which helps us identify the type of data a particular variable holds.

There happens an implicit conversion of datatypes in PHP, which means that we don’t specify the datatype while declaring a PHP variable. Based on the value that gets assigned to a variable, PHP engine implicitly determines the datatype and assigns it to that variable. To understand this better, let’s check out the PHP code below:

Note that:

  1. Variable a has just been declared without initialization. Though it’s not recommended, variable a in this case holds a NULL value. We can also say that, variable a is still unaware of what type of data it is going to hold.
  2. Variable b has been declared and initialized with a value of 10. So, as expected, var_dump-ing it, prints 10 with an implicit cast of variable b to int.
  3. Variable a now gets initialized with a value of 10.50. So, as expected, var_dump-ing it, prints 10.5 with an implicit cast of variable a from type NULL to int.
  4. Variable b now gets assigned a value of 11.50. So, as expected, var_dump-ing it, prints 11.5 with an implicit cast of variable b from type int to float.

print_r and var_dump are excellent debugging tools in PHP. They are very much similar to the print and echo functions. Just that print_r and var_dump provide more detailed information about a PHP variable, they are preferably used only for debugging purpose.

We can also say that datatypes help in constructing the variables.

The datatypes supported by PHP are:

  1. String – anything within double quotes can be called as a String. Eg: $a = “Yash”;
  2. Integer – any number. Eg: $b = 5;
  3. Float – any number with a decimal point. Eg: $c = 1.5;
  4. Boolean – true/false Eg: $d = true;
  5. Array – collection of similar datatypes. Eg: $e = array(1,2,3,4,5);
  6. Object – will be learn about this in Object Oriented PHP
  7. NULL– a variable without having any value Eg: $f = null;
  8. Resource – not actually a datatype. It stores the reference to functions and resources external to PHP, which we will be exploring more when we connect our PHP application with MySQL.

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